Punishment vs Extinction Reinforcement

Punishment vs Extinction  Reinforcement

Punishment vs Extinction  Reinforcement

Punishment is also a method of learning, although it is very crude and undesirable. It is generally used to make the employees learn a particular type of behaviour. However, it is the least accepted aspect of learning. Supervisors use punishment to modify the behaviour of employees. Punishment is not a well-thought reinforcement. It is the reverse of reinforcement for altering behaviour. 

  • Punishment is used in an illiterate society to learn behaviour. Indian workplaces generally use punishment for mending the behaviour of employees, although it is the reverse of reinforcement and learning. There is no shortage of examples where employees learn to attend work in time and perform correctly because of fear of punishment
  • . Fear psychosis is helpful to the learning process. It is a complex and cumbersome method of learning, and cannot be used as an effective reinforcement. 
  • On the contrary, punishment decreases reinforcement and consequently the earning process and results. It weakens behaviour and ultimately decreases productivity. 
  • Punishment is the appreciation of an undesirable process or the facing of noxious consequences. It is designed to discourage a particular type of behaviour. It creates unpleasant conditions to eliminate undesirable behaviour.
  •  Negative reinforcement presents pleasant conditions to avoid unpleasant consequences. Punishment is an unpleasant condition to prevent undesirable behaviour. Punishment focuses on unpleasant reinforcement and undesirable behaviour. Punishment does not contribute to learning the desired response. 
  • On the other hand, it creates an undesirable atmosphere and discourages learning for favourable results.
  • Only positive and negative reinforcements help in learning and getting a favourable outcome. 
  • Extinction is the withdrawal of desirable consequences and is contingent upon employee’s behaviour. The withdrawal of desirable consequences occurs after behaviour has taken place. In this process neither reward nor punishment follows undesirable behaviour. Ignoring undesirable behaviour is extinction. For example, if an employee misbehaves with his colleagues, the supervisor ignores his behaviour. Ignoring this behaviour will extinguish undesirable behaviour.When learned response is not reinforced, it is extinction. The behaviour fades with the neglect of response. 
  • Eliminating any reinforcement for maintaining behaviour is called extinction. Punishment and extinction are not true learning processes as there is no effective reinforcement for the learning process. 

Learning is expected through undesirable stimuli and reinforcement, or avoiding both stimuli and reinforcement to check undesirable behaviour. Positive and negative reinforcement help learning because they provide favourable behaviour and avoid non-favourable behaviour.